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This way, in the event that either server fails, the other one can take over its roles at a few minutes notice. Scalability Having multiple servers on the network enables administrators to reallocate resources as needed. If, for example, a sudden increase in traffic to the companys Internet Web server causes that computers CPU utilization to consistently spike at percent, you could conceivably redeploy the Web server role on one of the companys other servers, one with a faster processor.
Alternatively, you could add a second Web server and configure the two computers to split the traffic load between them. Security Different roles can have different security requirements.
For example, you might have a server functioning as an Active Directory domain controller that has sufficient resources to take on another role, but it would be a bad idea to use that computer as an Internet Web server. Computers exposed to the Internet are points of vulnerability, and for that reason, many enterprises put them on perimeter networks, isolated from internal resources, such as infrastructure servers.
Generally speaking, the more roles a server has to perform, the more ports it has to leave open for incoming network traffic, and more open ports increase the attack surface of the computer. Network traffic Running a variety of roles on a single server can consolidate a lot of network traffic onto a single subnet. Even if the server is capable of handling many different types of requests from clients all over the enterprise, the network might become a serious performance bottleneck.
Distributing roles among servers on different subnets can prevent too much traffic from converging on a single location. Update management It is far easier to keep servers updated with the latest operating system patches if each computer is running as few roles as is practical. In addition, fewer problems occur if an update has deleterious side effects.
Another factor to consider when allocating roles to servers is the dependencies between many of the Windows Server roles and services. The Add Roles Wizard and the Add Features Wizard both enforce these dependencies by prompting you to install the correct antecedents with your selected roles and features. Selecting Application Server Roles Most Windows Server roles include a variety of options that you can use to customize the installation.
As mentioned earlier in this lesson, the complexity of the design and implementation process for an enterprise networks application servers is largely dependent on the types of applications the users need.
The first step of the design process is to inventory those needs. Then, you can consider the various ways of providing for those needs.
The application services Microsoft includes with Windows Server provide administrators with several ways to deploy even the simplest applications. The method you choose depends on several factors, including economy, security, and ease of administration.
The following sections examine the major application service roles listed earlier in this lesson, list the services that compose each one, and discuss how to use them to implement applications on an enterprise network.
Even though the simplest way to deploy these applications is to install them on the users individual workstations, employees can use application servers on the network in several ways.
The first consideration is where the users will store their documents. If you are using Webhosted virtual machines in your classroom, you might not have to perform any of the setup procedures described in this document because the students will be able to access preconfigured virtual machines over the Web. To complete the lab exercises that require interaction between two servers, you can provide each student with two computers or assign a lab partner to each student. In the latter case, each student will complete the exercise and provide the services required by his or her partner.
With this configuration, each student can perform all of the exercises on one computer, using the two virtual machines to perform the required roles. To support these classroom configurations, students must begin each lab in the manual with the same baseline operating system configuration on the student computers.
Therefore, each lab begins with an exercise that sets up the server for that lab and concludes with an exercise that returns the server to the baseline configuration. Depending on your classroom configuration, the students might be able to skip the first and last exercises in each lab.
Classroom Server Requirements The computer running Windows Server in the classroom requires the following hardware and software: Student Computer Requirements Each student computer requires the following hardware and software:. If you plan to create virtual machines on your student computers, each virtual machine must meet these hardware requirements.
You will lose all existing data on the system. Boot the computer from the Windows Server Installation disk. When you boot from the disk, the Windows Server Setup program starts automatically and the Install Windows page appears. Modify the Language to install, Time and currency format, and Keyboard or input method settings, if necessary. Click Next. Click Install now.
The Type your product key for activation page appears. Enter your product key in the Product key text box and click Next. The Please read the license terms page appears.
If this happens, you should be prompted to press a key to boot from the disk. However, if Setup restarts automatically, simply remove the disk and restart the computer. If you plan to use evaluation versions of Windows Server in the classroom, you can leave the Product key field blank and, in the Select the edition of Windows that you downloadd window that subsequently appears, select Windows Server Enterprise Full Installation for the version you want to install.
Select the I accept the license terms checkbox and click Next. The Which type of installation do you want? Click Custom. The Where do you want to install Windows? Select the disk where you want to install Windows Server and click Next. The Installing Windows page appears. When the installation process is complete, the computer restarts and prompts you to change the Administrator password. Click OK.
Then click OK. Windows Server starts and the Initial Configuration Tasks window appears. Install any updates needed to keep the operating system current. Before you proceed with the server configuration, install any required updates to keep the operating system current. Use Automatic Updates, the Windows Update Web site, or any other mechanism to locate, download, and install the updates.
Completing Post-Installation Tasks on ServerDC After the installation is complete and the Initial Configuration Tasks window has appeared, complete the following procedures to prepare the computer to function as the classroom server. In the Initial Configuration Tasks window, click Set time zone. The Date and Time dialog box appears.
Verify that the date, time, and time zone shown in the dialog box are correct. If they are not, click Change date and time or Change time zone and correct them. Click Configure Networking. The Network Connections window appears. Right-click the Local Area Connection icon and, from the context menu, select Properties. The Local Area Connection Properties sheet appears. The IP addresses supplied in this setup document and in the lab manual are suggestions. You can use any IP addresses for the computers in your classroom, as long as all of the systems are located on the same subnet.
If the classroom network is connected to a school network or the Internet, you can specify the address of the router providing the network connection in the Default Gateway field. Otherwise, leave it blank. Click OK twice to close the two Properties sheets. Close the Network Connections window. In the Initial Configuration Tasks window, click Provide computer name and domain. The System Properties dialog box appears with the Computer Name tab selected.
Click Change. A message box appears, prompting you to restart your computer. Another message box appears, informing you again that you must restart the computer. Click Restart Now. The computer restarts. Log on with the local Administrator account, using the password P ssw0rd. The Add Roles Wizard appears. Lab Setup Guide 3. When the role installation is complete, click the Close this wizard and launch the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard dcpromo.
Click Next to proceed with the Active Directory installation. On the Operating System Compatibility page, click Next. On the Choose a Deployment Configuration page, select Create a new domain in a new forest and click Next. On the Name the Forest Root Domain page, key contoso. For the purposes of this manual, you can ignore the warning. Click Yes, the computer will use a dynamically assigned IP address to continue.
A message box appears, warning you that the system cannot locate an existing DNS infrastructure. Because you will be creating a new DNS infrastructure, you can ignore this warning and click Yes. On the Summary page, click Next. When the installation process is complete, restart the server. After the server restarts, it functions as the domain controller for the contoso. Students must log on to the domain in all of the lab exercises.
Log on with the domain Administrator account using the password P ssw0rd. In the Add Scope dialog box, create a scope using the following values: Select the Activate this scope checkbox and click OK.
Then click Next. On the Confirm Installation Selections page, click Install. Creating User Accounts Each student must have a domain user account called Student , where is the same number as the computer the student is using. To create the student accounts, use the following procedure. The Active Directory Users and Computers console appears. Expand the contoso. The New Object-User wizard appears. Key Student in the First Name and User Logon Name text boxes, where is the number assigned to the first student computer in the classroom.
In the Password and Confirm Password text boxes, key P ssw0rd. Click Finish to create the user account. Repeat Steps 3—7 to create a Student user account for each computer in the classroom. The New Object-Group wizard appears. In the Group Name text box, key Students.
Click Finish to create the group. In the Users container, double-click the Students group you just created. The Students Properties sheet appears. Click the Members tab. Click Add, key the name of the first Student user you created, and click OK. Repeat Step 14 to add all the Student accounts you created to the Students group. Click OK to close the Students Properties sheet. Using the same procedure, open the Properties sheet for the Domain Admins group and add each of the Student user accounts you created as members of that group.
The students will use these Student accounts to log on to the domain as they complete the exercises in the lab manual. Their membership in the Students group provides domain administrator privileges, as well as local Administrator privileges on their individual servers. Complete the following procedure to make these modules available to the students and provide the students with storage on the classroom server. Copy the add-on modules you downloaded to the appropriate folders.
Share the C: These folders provide students with the additional software they need to complete the lab exercises and storage space to keep their lab worksheet files. The Group Policy Management console appears. In the scope left pane, expand the console tree to display and select the Group Policy Objects node under the contoso. The Group Policy Management Editor window appears. Then, right-click the Documents subfolder and, from the context menu, select Properties.
The Documents Properties sheet appears. In the Target Folder Location box, verify that the default Create a folder for each user under the root path option is selected. Click the Settings tab and clear the Grant the user exclusive rights to Documents checkbox. Click OK to close the Documents Properties sheet. The computer is ready to function as the classroom server. You can install the student servers. Depending on the capabilities of your virtualization software and the type of licensing your school provides, you can perform a Windows Server installation on a single virtual machine and then clone multiple instances of that virtual machine, rather than perform each OS installation individually.
The setup for the student computers depends on your classroom configuration. The result is a bare Windows Server installation, which students can configure.
However, the tasks you must complete before the students arrive vary, as follows: Then, install the operating system on each virtual machine, using the following Install Windows Server procedure. All of the operating systems are preinstalled, so you can skip the following procedure. When you boot from the disk, the Windows Server Setup program starts automatically, and the Install Windows page appears.
Modify the Language to install, Time and currency format, and Keyboard or input method settings, if necessary, and click Next. If you plan to use unregistered evaluation versions of Windows Server in the classroom, you can leave the Product key field blank and, in the Select the edition of Windows that you downloadd window that subsequently appears, select Windows Server Enterprise Full Installation for the version you want to install.
Lab Setup Guide 7. Select the disk where you want to install Windows Server and click Drive Options. Click New. In the Size text box, key Click Apply. Select the partition you just created and click Next. The computer is ready for a student to begin working through the lab manual.
The student will perform all of the initial configuration tasks that the computer requires. After all. Web pages. In computer networking. Two basic types of computers can be on an enterprise network: One of the primary considerations in the enterprise network design process is what the users of the network need to do with their computers. These programs are also known as applications.
Designing an enterprise network is a complex undertaking that must consider many factors. The resources provided by a server can take many forms. Understanding Server Roles Windows Server includes predefined combinations of services called roles that implement common server functions.
The activities Windows Server performs for network clients are known as roles. Figure A client computer accessing an application server. After you install the Windows Server operating system. For example. Computers running the Windows Server operating system can perform a wide variety of tasks. IT personnel must consider the applications the users will require and the server resources those applications need to run properly.
You can also install and remove roles and features from the command line. Table lists the specific roles that Microsoft has supplied with Windows Server DNS Domain Name system server addresses. Application Server — Provides an integrated environment for deploying and running server-based business applications designed within or expressly for the organization. NET Framework 2. Active Directory Federation Services — Creates a single sign-on environment by implementing trust relationships that enable users on one network to access applications on other networks without providing a secondary set of logon credentials.
This book is devoted to the roles providing the Windows Server application services. Message Queuing.
DFS Replication. Fax Server — Enables administrators to manage fax devices and clients to send and receive faxes over the network. Print Services — Provides clients with access to printers attached to the server or to the network. Understanding Server Features Windows Server includes a large collection of individual modules called features.
This role is not included with Windows Server The features that are installable using the Add Features Wizard are as follows: Windows Deployment Services WDS — Enables administrators to remotely install Windows operating systems on computers throughout the enterprise.
Windows Server includes a collection of features. NET Framework 3. You can also augment a given role by adding features that increase its capabilities. Terminal Services — Enables clients on the network or on the Internet to remotely access server-based applications or the entire Windows desktop. In addition to its roles. Streaming Media Services — Enables the server to transmit digital media content to network clients in real time. Software developers can utilize these routines.
Remote Server Administration Tools — Enables administrators to access management tools on remote computers running Windows Server and Windows Server Remote Differential Compression RDC — Enables applications to conserve network bandwidth by determining what parts of a file have changed and transmitting only the modifications over the network.
Message Queuing — Provides a variety of messaging services that enable applications to communicate. Other computers on the network can then use the service to resolve a name into an address.
Failover Clustering — Enables multiple servers to work together at performing the same tasks. Quality Windows Audio Video Experience qWave — Provides flow control and traffic prioritization services for applications that stream audio and video content over a network. Internet Printing Client — Enables users to send print jobs to remote Web server-based printers. A large enterprise network. Telnet Server — Enables remote users running Telnet clients to connect to the computers and access a command-line administration interface.
Windows PowerShell — Implements a command-line shell and scripting language that provides improved administration and automation capabilities. A Windows Server computer can perform one role or many roles. It is also possible to separate roles by deploying multiple virtual machines on a single computer and installing a different role on each one.
Assigning Multiple Roles Windows Server computers can perform multiple roles at the same time. Windows Internal Database — Implements a relational data store that other Windows Server roles and features can utilize. Telnet Client — Enables the computer to connect to a Telnet server and access a command-line administration interface. A small business might have only one server that fulfills all of the roles the company requires.
Windows Server Backup Features — Enables administrators to perform full or partial server backups at scheduled intervals. Running multiple servers enables the business to better tolerate a single failure. Will the Web server be hosting a low-volume intranet Web site or a high-traffic Internet site? A greater amount of Web client traffic requires more resources. A Web server. For some organizations. With that consideration in mind.
If one computer is performing all of the roles your enterprise needs to function. Most of the time. Network traffic — Running a variety of roles on a single server can consolidate a lot of network traffic onto a single subnet.
Computers exposed to the Internet are points of vulnerability. Security — Different roles can have different security requirements. Selecting Application Server Roles Most Windows Server roles include a variety of options that you can use to customize the installation. Scalability — Having multiple servers on the network enables administrators to reallocate resources as needed.
The application services Microsoft includes with Windows Server provide administrators with several ways to deploy even the simplest applications.
The following sections examine the major application service roles listed earlier in this lesson. Distributing roles among servers on different subnets can prevent too much traffic from converging on a single location.
This way. Generally speaking. Another factor to consider when allocating roles to servers is the dependencies between many of the Windows Server roles and services. Update management — It is far easier to keep servers updated with the latest operating system patches if each computer is running as few roles as is practical.
In addition. The Add Roles Wizard and the Add Features Wizard both enforce these dependencies by prompting you to install the correct antecedents with your selected roles and features. To add high availability to the design.
As mentioned earlier in this lesson. The first step of the design process is to inventory those needs. Even if the server is capable of handling many different types of requests from clients all over the enterprise.
The method you choose depends on several factors. This practice also creates access control problems. The first consideration is where the users will store their documents.
This could result in dozens or hundreds of additional shares on the network. DFS Namespace. Administrators can share folders on any server drive and make them available to users by assigning the appropriate permissions. If users have to collaborate on documents. In addition to the services provided by the File Services role. The more common. Windows Server does not need a special role to provide basic file services.
Storing document files on local workstation drives is a simple solution. Deploying applications using Terminal Services offers several advantages to the network administrator. Terminal Services is a technology that enables users working at another computer on the company network or on the Internet to establish a connection to a server and open an application or desktop session there. Methods for automating the deployment and maintenance of applications on large groups of computers can require extensive planning and preparation.
The only data exchanged by the Terminal Services client and the server is data needed to relay the keyboard. Windows Server provides an alternative to individual workstation installations in the form of Terminal Services.
The Terminal Services role included in Windows Server implements the following role services: This means that the client workstations can be low-end computers. Using Terminal Services. The only exceptions to this are the two client licenses included with Windows Server for Remote Desktop administration purposes. This ensures that all of the users are running the same application versions.
These HTML files. The simple answer is that Web servers and Web browsers eliminate the need for application developers to reinvent existing technologies. While standalone applications certainly have their uses.
Web browsers are clients that send requests for information to Web servers. Web pages grew in complexity. Unlike some of the other Windows Server roles. The Add Roles Wizard enables you to select a combination of optional role services.
They do not have to create a client interface or a server to receive and interpret the client requests. Custom-designed business applications can run on the same computer as the Web server. IIS 7 also includes a large number of optional role services that provide support for virtually any type of Web-based application deployment.
This enables you to install the capabilities that your applications require. Internet Information Services 7. IIS 7 provides the basic Web server functionality that enables you to publish a standard Web site on the Internet or on a private network. Net extensibility model and the. NET — Implements a server side. Web server logging functions. Application Development — Provides infrastructure support for applications developed using the following programming tools: The features you can select within the Web Server role service are as follows.
NET framework. The individual services you can select are as follows: Performance — Enables administrators to conserve network bandwidth by using the following data compression techniques: Installing the Application Server role automatically installs. Unless you plan to run a large number of applications that require different development environments.
The service. Microsoft includes some of the role services. This is the only role service installed with the role by default. If your organization is creating new applications for the server deployment. NET 3. In fact. You can share a printer connected to a Windows Server computer without installing the Print Services role. The Fax Server role has no optional role services from which to choose. The Print Services role includes the following optional role services: The individual traffic types WAS supports are as follows: Distributed Transactions — Implements services that help to ensure the successful completion of transactions involving multiple databases hosted by different computers.
The individual services are as follows: If you decide to install the applications on each individual workstation. X Server roles can also dictate requirements for specific subsystems within the application server computers.
When you install the role. Selecting Application Server Hardware Choosing the correct hardware for an application server requires an understanding of the roles it will perform. REF For more information on storage area networking. Not until you have decided how you will deploy your applications and what roles an application server will perform should you begin selecting the hardware that goes into the computer.
The application servers on the network will then only have to perform relatively simple roles. In this case. Selecting Application Server Software Microsoft provides several alternative software deployments for Windows Server computers. You must download an update from the Microsoft Web site to add the role to the Server Manager application.
By contrast. The clients run a media player application that processes the content as they receive it from the server. Microsoft has designed the Web Edition of Windows Server for computers dedicated solely to hosting Web sites.
Windows Server includes all of the software needed to implement a terminal server. This is an additional download and an additional cost that you must not forget when calculating your network deployment costs.
It is available only to Microsoft customers with an Enterprise. Windows Vista Service Pack 1. Terminal Services can provide a number of benefits in an enterprise application deployment. Windows Server Web Edition. Windows Server Web Edition can host only Web-based applications. These alternatives are not suitable for all installations. Windows Server includes a two-user client license so that administrators can use Remote Desktop to configure servers from other computers.
The license that each client needs to connect to a terminal server is the only Terminal Services component that Microsoft does not include with the operating system or make available as a free download. Microsoft includes the Remote Desktop Connection 6. The following sections discuss software alternatives that require either a different Windows Server installation procedure.
Windows Server Web Edition is not available as a retail product. When compared to the Standard edition. With Windows Server Many enterprise networks today use many servers. All you see when you start the computer is a single window with a command prompt. In addition to omitting most of the graphical interface.
There is no Start menu. Tables and list the roles and features that are available and not available in a Server Core installation. You learned about the advantages to this arrangement earlier in this lesson. Until that point. When the first version of Windows NT Server appeared. It is an installation option included with the Windows Server Standard.
As mentioned earlier. The answer is that there are other benefits to using Server Core besides hardware resource conservation. Despite the fact that all of those extra software elements are performing no useful purpose. Notepad still works. To work with a Server Core computer. You can take it as an axiom that the more complex a system is. A few graphical applications can still run on Server Core.
Task Manager runs. Some elements of the Control Panel work as well. Applications such as Microsoft Virtual Server and the Windows Server virtualization technology in Windows Server make it possible for a single computer to host multiple virtual machines. For small networks. A virtual server is a complete installation of an operating system that runs in a software environment emulating a physical computer.
The advantages of virtualization include the following: The removal of the Application Server and Terminal Services roles means that you cannot use Server Core to deploy some applications or Terminal Services connections. The more processes a computer is running. After you have selected the application servers you need on your network and created a plan specifying the roles you will install on your servers.
Removing the unneeded software elements makes the server more secure as well. For more information on Microsoft virtualization technologies and using them to deploy application servers.
The Windows Deployment Services role includes the following two role services: This means that you can deploy a new computer with no operating system or local boot device on it. The process of installing the Windows Deployment Services role does not add configuration pages to the Add Roles Wizard.
You must choose the Deployment Server role service to perform full remote operating system installations. To configure the server. Deploy images by using Windows Deployment Services 1. Unlike most image file formats. If you select Transport Server by itself. For this to be possible. WIM images are file-based. In the case of a WDS installation. In a PXE. Figure The Windows Deployment Services console 2.
The folder you select must be on an NTFS drive and must have sufficient space to hold all of the images you want to deploy. Right-click your server and.
The Windows Deployment Services console appears. Microsoft also recommends that the image store not be located on the system drive. Log on to Windows Server using an account with Administrative privileges. The Remote Installation Folder Location page appears. When the logon process is completed. In the Path text box. Click Start. In the scope left pane. Click Next to bypass the Welcome page. Click Next to continue.
Select one of the following options: Respond only to known client computers — Configures the WDS server to provide boot access only to clients that you have prestaged in Active Directory by creating computer objects for them.
Selecting the For unknown clients. Do not respond to any client computer — Prevents the WDS from providing boot access to any clients. Respond to all known and unknown client computers — Configures the WDS server to provide access to all clients.
Click Next to complete the configuration process. This file performs a standard Windows Server setup. The boot image contains the files needed to boot the computer and initiate an operating system installation. The Configuration Complete page appears. You can use this image file for virtually any operating system deployment without modification. Figure The Configuration Complete page 9. To add the image files into the Windows Deployment Services console.
When you boot the client computer using the discover image disk. The image file contains the operating system that WDS will install on the client computer.
Expand the Server node and the node for your server. Then click Next to continue. Key or browse to the location of the boot image you want to add to the store and then click Next. The Image Metadata page appears. The Summary page appears. Figure The Image Metadata page 4. Specify different Image Name and Image Description values for the image file you selected. With the default Create a new image group option selected.
Select the images you want to add to the store and then click Next. Right-click the Install Images folder and. When the operation is complete. The List of Available Images page appears.
The Image File page appears. Figure The List of Available Images page The image appears in the detail pane of the console. The Task Progress page appears. At this point. When you are using another computer as your DHCP server. The Predefined Options and Values dialog box appears. The DHCP console appears.
In the scope pane. When you are using an external DHCP server. In many instances. The image group you created and the images you selected appear in the detail pane of the console. The Option Type dialog box appears. Click Add. The Server Options dialog box appears. In the Name text box. In the Available Options list box. Figure The Option Type dialog box 4. From the Data Type drop-down list. Figure The Server Options dialog box.
In the Code text box. You can then continue with the rest of the procedure. The client computer connects to a DHCP server on the network. Creating your own image files is essentially a matter of setting up a computer the way you want it and then capturing an image of the computer to a file. The client connects to the WDS server and is supplied with a boot image file. In a properly configured WDS installation. You can use several tools to create image files.
When a client computer boots from a local device. The image file contains all of the operating system files on the computer. To use ImageX. In the String Value text box. To do this. The user on the client computer selects an install image from the boot menu. From this point. The client loads Windows PE and the Windows Deployment Services client from the boot image file onto a RAM disk a virtual disk created out of system memory and displays a boot menu containing a list of the install images available from the WDS server.
The client computer starts and. WDS enables you to create your own image files by modifying an existing boot image. If you have not done so already. When the image is created successfully. On the Capture Image Metadata page. In the detail pane.
You can now add the new capture image to the Boot Image store in the normal manner. The Task Progress page appears as the wizard creates the new image file. A wizard then appears on the computer that guides you through the process of capturing an image of the computer and uploading it to the WDS server.
To complete the imaging process. To perform an unattended installation using WDS. To create unattend files. Click the Client tab. Browse to your unattend file and then click Open. Click the Browse button corresponding to the processor architecture of the client computer. Expand the Servers node. To install an operating system on a client using WDS with no interactivity. An unattend file is a script containing responses to all of the prompts that appear on the client during the installation process.
Select the Enable unattended installation checkbox. To use unattend files during a WDS operating system deployment. For organizations with volume license agreements. Microsoft has designed a new program called Volume Activation 2. Select the Allow image to install in unattended mode checkbox. Expand the node for your server and the Install Images node and locate the image you want to associate with an unattend file.
Figure The Image Properties sheet The Image Properties sheet appears. Key or browse to the unattend file you want to use and then click OK.
Right-click the image file and. Click Select File. The Select Unattend File dialog box appears. Figure The Select Unattend File dialog box Click OK to close the Image Properties sheet. Activation is the establishment of a relationship between a product key and a copy of the Windows operating system installed on a specific computer. The system resources consumed by the KMS host service are negligible.
For a host to activate a Windows Vista client. Volume licenses for Windows Vista and Windows Server now include two types of keys.
Microsoft has determined that the vast majority of counterfeit Windows installations are using volume license keys that personnel have illegally shared. After you have installed the operating system. Configure Microsoft Windows activation 1. After you have activated a KMS host on your network.
These clients. As a result. This is called the KMS activation threshold. For end users. Until Windows Vista and Windows Server By default. Volume Activation VA 2. Enterprise networks. When you install a KMS host. You then perform a one-time activation of the host with Microsoft.
The Key Management Service is the activation method that Microsoft recommends for medium to large networks with volume licensing agreements. To use KMS. When the renewal succeeds. The host computer must also have appropriate permissions to create and modify DNS records.
If the client is unable to contact the host for days. On the host computer. When a client successfully renews its activation. If the count is sufficient to exceed the activation threshold. On a client. KMS does not have a graphical interface. As a safety precaution. The Slmgr. Cscript C: The KMS host counts the number of activation requests it receives within the past 30 days and sends that value back to the client. When clients attempt to activate. This helps to ensure that clients on a network meeting the activation threshold are always able to activate themselves.
The host automatically creates an SRV record on the DNS server and volume editions of Windows Vista and Windows Server automatically attempt to contact the host to authenticate themselves. The client then selects one of the hosts at random and sends an activation request to it. While activated. At its simplest. After installation.
When you start a Windows Server computer for the first time after installing the operating system. After you complete the configuration tasks in sections 1 and 2 of the Initial Configuration Tasks window. Microsoft intends the use of Multiple Activate Keys for networks that do not have a sufficient number of computers to support KMS. VAMT collects the activation requests from the clients on the network. The server variable can be an FQDN. This window presents a consolidated view of the post-installation tasks that.
MAK Independent Activation is similar to the standard retail product key activation. After you have installed a MAK on a client computer.
You can install the MAK key on clients individually. A MAK is a single key that enables a specified number of computers to activate.
With VAMT. You can also install and manage roles and features using the Server Manager console. The Server Manager console integrates the following snap-ins into a single interface: Server Manager is an MMC console that contains a collection of snap-ins most commonly used by Windows Server administrators. Figure The Add Roles Wizard. The Server Manager window appears. Figure The Server Manager window 2.
The Select Server Roles page appears. Click Next to skip the Before You Begin page. Select the checkbox for the role or roles you want to install. Figure The Select Server Roles page 4. If the role you select is dependent on other roles or features.